Allantoin increases the water content of cells, helping to deliver supple skin, promote cell longevity and natural recovering of skin. This encourages cells' natural power to renew, slowing down signs of aging and getting rid of sallow skin, as well as tackle blemish scars.
Aloe Vera has been historically used in cosmetics to provide a protective layer to the skin which helps to retain moisture and reduce scarring from blemishes. Packed with beta carotene, as well as Vitamins C and E, Aloe Vera is also an ingredient that aids in anti-aging and improving skin elasticity.
If you want to protect your skin and enjoy a bright youthful glow, here are the top 10 amino acids you need in your skincare routine and their remarkable benefits.
1. Arginine - Aminos to Combat Free Radicals
Arginine is an incredible amino acid to help protect the skin against free radicals. Arginine in cosmetic products can help restore visible skin damage, boost collagen production, and thoroughly hydrate the skin to give it a healthy and youthful glow.
2. Glutamine - Amino Acids for Skin Damage
If premature aging, fine lines, and wrinkles are your skin concerns, make sure to look out for the amino acid Glutamine in your beauty products. This powerful amino acid can help to reverse skin aging by boosting collagen production, smoothing out the texture of the skin, as well as balancing your natural skin tone.
3. Glycine - Skin Cell Renewal Aminos
Another amino that helps to promote skin cell renewal and collagen production, Glycine has anti-aging properties and is a great amino to have in your daily moisturiser.
4. Histidine - Soothing Amino Acid Benefits
Histidine has powerful antioxidant properties and helps to soothe the skin. If you have sensitive skin or combination skin, skincare products that feature Histidine will help to soothe irritated skin and reduce inflammation and redness.
5. Leucine - Aminos to Improve Fine Lines
Claimed to regulate cellular processes such as protein synthesis, tissue regeneration, and even metabolism, Leucine is a great amino for anti-aging effects.
6. Lysine - Collagen Amino Acid Benefits
Another powerful amino acid to combat the undesirable effects of aging is Lysine. This particular amino acid is very hydrating for the skin and is said to aid collagen production too.
7. Methionine - Aminos to Improve Uneven Skin Tone
If you have an uneven skin tone, Methionine could help. As a sulfur-containing amino acid, Methionine not only helps improve skin elasticity, but it can also improve your unique skin tone.
8. Proline - Anti-aging Aminos
When combined with amino acids Glycine and Leucine, Proline fights the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
9. Threonine - Amino Acids for Combination & Dry Skin
Key to the natural production of collagen and elastin, Threonine is a fabulous building block amino acid. When applied topically to the skin, it is very hydrating. If you have dry or combination skin, try a light-weight moisturiser with Threonine.
10. Tyrosine - Helps Your Skin to Absorb Key Aminos
This particular amino acid helps proteins and other beneficial skincare ingredients penetrate the skin. A skincare product that contains Tyrosine will be more nourishing and will allow other key aminos to do their magic.
Arbutin’s active component releases slowly in skin which allows it to be less irritating than other skin-lightening agents. It is hence great for sensitive skin. Also, Arbutin lightens age spots and brightens skin tone, and prevents the formation of melanin.
Arbutin: 5 Reasons You'll Want It in Your Anti-Pigmentation Cream
Known as the powerhouse of antioxidants, Burdock Root has long been used to improve dry and irritated skin conditions. The calming and hydrating properties of the root can further help to reduce redness when it's applied topically to the skin.
Calendula greatly benefits dry, sensitive skin with its skin regenerative properties. Topical application of calendula assists in skin repair, delivering ample hydration for dehydrated skin.
Ceramides are essential in retaining your skin’s moisture, building a natural barrier that locks in hydration for a supple complexion. If your skin lacks ceramides, you’ll start to see dry skin and wrinkles appear. Ceramide levels also dip considerably as one ages, so it’s important to use skincare that contains a sufficient amount of ceramides to ‘top up’ what your skin lacks.
Like Calendula, Chamomile is widely known for its skin soothing properties. However, it’s also an effective conditioning agent and skin rejuvenator that greatly helps dry skin.
If you experience uncomfortably tight, taut skin caused by dryness or are prone to flaky skin that shows up beneath your makeup, you’ll be glad to know that chamomilla extracts will help to restore supple skin in no time!
Centella Asiatica is a tropical plant native to Southeast Asia. Also known as 'Gotu Kola', it’s been utilized as a medicinal herb to treat ailments like psoriasis, varicose ulcers, eczema, lupus, and leprosy. It is considered beneficial as it is composed of saponins and also includes fatty acids, beta carotene, flavonoids, vitamin B, vitamin C, and amino acids.
Found primarily in anti-aging and sun-care products, Centella Asiatica has been found to encourage collagen production, calm inflammation, speed wound healing, stimulate new cell growth, and improve blood circulation. It can also increase antioxidant levels in newly formed tissue.
Like its namesake, citric acid is an AHA derived from citrus fruits and commonly used to slough off dead skin cells to encourage cell regeneration. It’s also an antioxidant that combats early signs of aging such as small wrinkles and mild pigmentation, and helps to brighten the skin—perfect for those looking to keep yourself looking youthful and energetic!
"Aside from being an exfoliant and antioxidant," says Dr. Nikki Paderna, Board-Certified Dermatologist. "Citric acid is added in skincare in low concentrations to adjust its pH level, preventing it from becoming too basic or too acidic. This ensures that the product is mildly acidic which aids in keeping the skin barrier healthy and intact. So if you doubt the pH level of a toner or cleanser, check the ingredients list to see if Citric acid is included and if it's somewhere in the middle or at the end of the list. If it is, then the product is most likely pH-balanced."
Here’s a soothing skincare ingredient that everyone knows and loves. Cucumbers are rich in a horde of vitamins, minerals and nutrients with a pH value that is identical with our skin – providing multiple skin healing benefits regardless of skin type.
As cucumber contains polysaccharides, they create a hydrating barrier to trap moisture on your skin, while acting as an agent that calms sensitive skin. Vitamin K found in cucumber extracts further helps to repair dry and damaged skin, keeping it strong, healthy and hydrated.
Also known as ubiquinone, Coenzyme Q10 is another naturally-occurring antioxidant produced by the body. But don’t let its scientific name put you off—ubiquinone is actually very simple to understand. Like squalane, it effectively neutralizes harmful free radicals and protects the skin from UV rays thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties. What makes it different is that it also has the amazing ability to improve skin elasticity, giving you firmer skin due to its small molecular size that penetrates easily into the epidermis to purify and refresh your skin's surface.
CoQ10 is generally safe for all skin types. However, those with vitiligo should consult their dermatologist before use.
Geranium Oil allows skin to feel firmer and diminish the appearance of aging, wrinkled, dry skin. It has the power to fight key signs of aging by smoothing out fine lines, wrinkles and improving skin's look of firmness, elasticity and dullness.
A naturally occurring Polyhydroxy Acid (PHA) that is commonly found in your serums or moisturizers, Gluconolactone is a mild acid with skin conditioning and antioxidant properties. This means that it works to improve your skin texture, reducing the appearance of aged and damaged skin, and fight free radicals which are behind many common skincare issues such as fine lines and wrinkles. Gluconolactone was also observed to be as effective as Benzoyl Peroxide in the treatment of acne but to have fewer side effects.
Glycolic Acid is the smallest of all acids, yet is the one that produces superior results. Glycolic Acid is one of the most effective ingredients in anti-pollution skincare by helping to eliminate the build-up of oils and dead skin cells on your skin. In doing so, pores are unclogged to prevent future blemishes and reveal a clear, smooth complexion. Glycolic Acid also works to regenerate collagen, thicken epidermis and dermis, and even helps to even out skin tone.
What concentration should be used on skin?
Studies have shown Alpha Hydroxy Acids (Glycolic Acid is one of the variations of AHA) to be most effective at concentrations above 8%. Concentrations above 15 – 20% are generally best left to be administered by qualified specialists because of side effects that may be associated with their use. Concentrations below 8% are a good way to gradually introduce an AHA into your regimen, without over-sensitizing skin. While cleansers and toners formulated with AHA are certainly useful, you’ll get the most benefit from serums, creams and lotions because they remain on the skin longer.
A rich antioxidant that has anti-aging properties and could boost the immune response in skin cells to protect from external toxins. Furthermore, the EGCG found in green tea also has shown improvement in battling acne and oily skin in various studies. According to research, the rich amount of polyphenols in Green Tea, when applied to skin, help to reduce sebum secretion, which can lead to acne. Polyphenols further help to slow skin's aging process, maintain the elasticity and vitality of the skin, and improve its radiance.
Green Tea is generally suitable for all skin types especially combination, oily, blemish-prone skin, and skin that is dealing with pre-mature aging.
As wonderfully summed by dermalogica.com, you shouldn’t let the ‘acid’ in hyaluronic acid fool you. This gel-like water-holding molecule helps to bind and retain up to 10x moisture, giving your skin a dewy, hydrated look. In an interview with Bustle, Arielle Panarello, a medical aesthetician at Union Square Laser Dermatology, shares that this moisturising acid helps to strengthen the skin, while also boosting skin vitality and vibrancy. This also means it acts as the perfect ingredient for reducing the effects of premature aging.
Lactic Acid is known to be hydrating and great at increasing the natural barrier lipids in the outer layer of skin that helps to reduce fine lines. It also contains brightening and lightening properties that fade post-blemish dark spots; and its renowned oil-control properties that keep pimples at bay!
What concentration should be used on skin?
Studies have shown Alpha Hydroxy Acids (Lactic Acid is one of the variations of AHA) to be most effective at concentrations above 8%. Concentrations above 15 – 20% are generally best left to be administered by qualified specialists because of side effects that may be associated with their use. Concentrations below 8% are a good way to gradually introduce an AHA into your regimen, without over-sensitizing skin. While cleansers and toners formulated with AHA are certainly useful, you’ll get the most benefit from serums, creams and lotions because they remain on the skin longer.
Lactobionic acid is part of the Polyhydroxy Acid (PHA) family and due to its atomic structure, it is one of the least irritating chemical exfoliants which is better tolerated than the more popular, deeply-penetrating Glycolic acid. This patented ingredient is known as a "Bionic Acid" and is derived from natural sugars. It works on the surface of the skin to reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles, discoloration, enlarged pores, and roughness through gentle exfoliation.
Hailing from the Omega 6 family of fats, this essential fatty acid is required by our bodies to make ceramide 1 lionleate—ceramides play a vital role in the formation of the lipid bi-layers, which keeps your skin strong. Linoleic acid is also used as an emollient and thickening agent in cosmetics and skincare, and is anti-inflammatory, reduces acne, and helps your skin to retain moisture.
For those with dry skin or sensitive skin, or habitually suffer from rosacea or eczema, Linoleic acid will do wonders to bring hydration back to your skin.
Lecithin is used in skincare products as an emollient, having the qualities to soothe and soften the skin and making it feel comfortable, soft and moisturised. Lecithin also acts as a humectant with its Linoleic acid content which helps the skin to retain moisture. Research shows that Lecithin further serves as a carrier to deliver active ingredients deeper into your skin, strengthening its structure, and allowing it to be plump, healthy and hydrated.
Due to its deeply moisturising properties, Lecithin is more suitable for dry, sensitive and normal skin types.
Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture
You’ve probably heard about apple and other fruit essential oils being used in skincare products, but you may not be familiar with the use of Malus Domestica fruit cell culture extract. Malus Domestica fruit cell culture extract is a powerful, anti-aging skincare ingredient that comes from the rare Uttwiler Spätlauber – otherwise known as Swiss Apple. In many ways, it is an even more powerful ingredient than the essential oils that are so popular.
Malus Domestica fruit cell culture extract serves as skin conditioners - it leaves your skin softer, smoother and stronger than it was before. Application of products with these extracts helps to maintain healthy skin at any age, reducing the appearance of aged and damaged skin.
They are rich in antioxidants. Like skin conditioning, antioxidants are important for your skin. However, they become even more important as your skin goes through the aging process. Antioxidants fight free radicals, which are behind many common skincare issues such as fine lines and wrinkles. Eating and drinking antioxidants rich fruits and juices are beneficial to your skin but you get even better results when you use a topical product with antioxidant-rich ingredients, such as Malus Domestica fruit cell culture extract, in the formula.
Swiss Apple Stem Cell is suitable for dry, normal to combination skin types, and it is gentle on sensitive, irritated skin too.
Derived from bitter almonds, Mandelic acid has gained popularity as an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) variant that is gentle on the skin. It is larger in molecular weight as compared to Glycolic acid and this allows it to be gentler as it penetrates more slowly into the skin. As an exfoliant, Mandelic acid helps with acne and hyperpigmentation by removing layers of skin debris and working its magic of clearing the pores and increasing cell turnover. You can look forward to a brighter, clearer complexion with less obvious dark spots from the years of sun exposure with this gentle acid.
Also known as Vitamin B3, niacinamide is an effective ingredient with various benefits that range from pore minimizing qualities to the reduction of fine lines and dullness. Here are some of its many amazing features:
Minimizes pores, lines and wrinkles – Improves your skin’s lipid barrier and increases cell differentiation, producing more collagen and elastin in your skin so you have a youthful-looking complexion with refined pores.
Prevents moisture loss – When your skin’s epidermal lipid barrier is improved, it works better in retaining your skin’s moisture level and prevents Trans Epidermal Water Loss (TEWL). Skin then becomes well-hydrated and strong.
Prevents redness and blotchiness – Improves your skin’s structure, which leads to the reduction of redness (especially helpful for those with inflamed blemishes), blotchiness, as well as sensitivity caused by environmental factors.
Reduces hyperpigmentation – Suppresses melanin caused by frequent UV rays—so you have less freckles and age spots.
Rids dull and sallow skin – Reverses the signs of aging and tired skin by reducing the negative impact of oxidative stress.
Niacinamide has been widely researched as a beneficial ingredient for oily / acne-prone skin. It helps to regulate the amount of oil that your skin produces, keeps your complexion matte and reduces the appearance of clogged, enlarged pores.
Niacinamide - 6 Reasons to Add It to Your Skincare Routine
Organic Coconut Oil
Our Coconut oil is organically derived and composed primarily of nourishing fatty acids. It contains vitamin E and healthy fats, which helps to make skin smooth. Coconut Oil is also well known for helping to reduce inflammation, keeping skin moisturized and helping to heal wounds.
Similar to Hyaluronic acid, Polyglutamic acid (PGA) is also a humectant - meaning it draws moisture to your skin which also reduces the loss of it. If this anti-aging ingredient doesn't sound familiar to you, it's time to get to know its benefits as this new acid in town has already been lauded as the hydrating hero that your skin needs.
Laboratory studies have found that PGA is able to absorb moisture up to 5,000 times its own weight (by comparison, Hyaluronic acid holds up to 1,000 times its own weight in water) and has also shown to help maintain skin elasticity. If you are looking to improve skin texture and reduce the appearance of wrinkles (dramatically), we suggest adding this acid to your routine.
Also known as Panthenol, Pro-Vitamin B5 is a gentle, water-binding vitamin that attracts and retains skin moisture, and deeply penetrates the skin to plump up fine lines, hydrate and regenerate the skin.
In the Spotlight - Pro-Vitamin B5
We obtain the powerful antioxidant, Resveratrol from Black Mulberries. Topical application of Resveratrol helps to slow down different signs of aging such as wrinkles and dullness. Its hydrating properties further calm and soothe irritated skin. It also helps to prevent the synthesis of melanin for clearer, brighter and younger-looking skin.
Resveratrol is usually suitable for all skin types especially dry, hyper-pigmented skin.
Rich in Vitamin A, which is known to help fight against age spots and wrinkles, rosehip is great for anti-aging. It's also packed with molecules that are small enough to penetrate deep layers of the skin, improving moisture and collagen levels, while reducing wrinkles and fine lines.
Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
Pronounced “ho-ho-bar”, jojoba seed oil is cold-pressed from the seeds of the Simmondsia Chinensis (jojoba) plant. Interestingly, while it’s called an oil, the ingredient is actually a liquid plant wax that is commonly used in skincare—especially in moisturisers—as it penetrates the skin easily to improve skin elasticity, and also reduces wrinkles, stretch marks, and lightens dark spots. As an emollient, jojoba also soothes skin and calms irritation and redness. Perfect for people who want to prep skin before makeup and not cover up with a lot of foundation.
Unlike other skincare oils, the structure of jojoba seed oil is very similar to the natural oils of our skin. This means it not only moisturises but absorbs faster than other oils. Moreover, jojoba seed oil is non-comedogenic, which means that it should not clog the pores, making it suitable for all skin types.
A strong hydrating agent that penetrates deep into the epidermis to restore elasticity, balance skin's acid mantle and replenish moisture. Sodium PCA is an ingredient backed by studies on its powerful anti-aging properties that help skin to age gracefully.
Squalane (note the ‘a’!) is an oil naturally produced by our bodies, as well as certain plants like olives. To become squalane, it goes through a hydrogenation process that converts it into a stable, fully saturated oil with a long shelf life. Squalane promotes quicker cell turnover and helps to increase collagen production, greatly beneficial in maintaining youthfulness and reducing the appearance of tired-looking skin. This is vital for skin that is regularly exposed to chemical-laden cleanser or pore-clogging concealers that disrupt the skin's natural ability to breathe and shed dead skin.
Also, because it sinks easily into the skin, squalane effectively protects the skin from damaging UV rays and free radicals, as well as reduce fine lines.
Squalane is suitable for all skin types, whether you have dry skin, acne-prone skin, etc.
There are various types of Vitamin A and can be known as different names like retinoic acid, retinol, and more. However, they serve different targeted purposes in your skincare. As shared by Healthline, Vitamin A is easily absorbed by the skin when applied topically and helps to stimulate collagen production, effectively reducing fine lines and wrinkles.
By stimulating the dermis layer of your skin (one layer below the epidermis), this highly essential nutrient helps shed dead skin cells quickly.
In a nutshell, Vitamin A helps drive efficient results when lightening pigmentation, wrinkles, and even acne. It’s no wonder it’s called the anti-aging antioxidant.
Vitamin A is generally suitable for all skin types but it is particularly beneficial for aging, pigmented, and acne-prone skin.
Vitamin C helps to combat harmful free radicals to protect the skin from damaging UV rays and the appearance of future discolouration. Also, it's derivatives could penetrate easily into the skin to deliver multiple benefits of vitamin C which includes boosting skin's natural power to amplify collagen, reducing the appearance of wrinkles, and elimination of skin blotchiness.
For oily or normal skin, L-ascorbic acid is the most potent form of Vitamin C and can be the most beneficial, while for dry and sensitive skin, Ascorbyl Palmitate, a fat-soluble Vitamin C, is less irritating and more stable than pure Vitamin C (which means it is suitable for skin that's extremely sensitive). For acne-prone skin, there is research showing that Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate, a water-soluble Vitamin C, can inhibit factors that cause breakouts while working to rid dark spots.
This antioxidant helps to keep your skin from pollutants while helping to improve skin health and fade pigmentation as it’s essential in the processing of Vitamin A. The latter is included in many skincare products like retinoids and specifically targets dark spots. Without Vitamin E, your body is unable to absorb Vitamin A properly, making your retinoids ineffective!
Additionally, Vitamin E is a wonderful antioxidant with properties that neutralize harmful free radicals, protect the skin from pollution and damaging UV rays. Vitamin E further helps to enhance skin's natural healing process and prevents trans-epidermal water loss.
Vitamin E is usually suitable for all skin types considering that it's a naturally occurring substance in the body.
Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa)
Wild yam is filled with steroid saponins—naturally occurring plant molecules that have a whole suite of antioxidant and beneficial properties for our skin. Diosgenin found in wild yam extracts are also great in improving the epidermal thickness of skin hence reducing the look of lines, wrinkles and sagging skin, reducing pigmentation, plus soothing irritated and sensitive skin. Skin will have more bounce and radiance.
As skincare, it works as a natural remedy to:
Help to remove oil from skin
Minimize swelling and redness from inflamed spots
Lock in moisture to give your skin all-round soothing rejuvenation